Composting and recycling for household and industrial waste management in Chitwan, Nepal (CAR Nepal)

1. Objectives of the project

To improve their health and environment by a proper waste management at household and small scale industrial level

The specific objectives are

  • Target households and schools are organized and sensitized on the health dangers created by pollution from household and industrial waste in their town
  • The target households and schools are practicing reuse and safer disposal of household waste
  • Awareness of the health implications due to pollution from household and small scale industrial waste exists among politicians and civil society.

2. Project area 

Bharatpur Metropolitan City (BMC) is the project area, located in the central-southern part of Nepal. It lies on the left eastern bank of Narayani River. Bharatpur is the fourth largest city in Nepal, with a population of 280,502 (CBS, 2015). It is one of the fast-growing cities in Nepal generating more than 100 tons of solid waste per day (BMC, 2016).

3. Snapshot of project activities 

S.N Activities
3.1 Project approval from SWC and the municipality
3.2  Kick off meeting in community (20 meetings)
3.3 Orientation in the schools (20 meetings)
3.4 Organic manure preparation training (10 meeting in 10 wards, 2 days)
3.5 Training, preparation and distribution of organic manure preparation bin (for 200 households-20 HHs in each ward) 
3.6 Training on handi-craft making using non-degradable household waste (for 100 women, 5 trainings)
3.7 Baseline study to prepare report on pollution from household waste
3.8 Baseline study on industrial waste, its effects and management system
3.9 Developing local strategies for proper management of household waste
3.10 Production and distribution of IEC materials 
3.11 Radio programs/videos for public awareness 


4. Benefits of the project

1. Environmental Benefits

assist in preventing uncontrolled GHG generation and emission from waste that would have been disposed at the landfill; production of soil improver (compost) to battle soil degradation. Apart from compost, the project will reduce methane emissions by diverting high organic waste from dumping at a riverside landfill (where the anaerobic process occurs) to a household level composting plant (aerobic process). It also reduces the amount of wastes that could end up in local drinking and agricultural water. It minimizes unwanted growth of weeds in canals and agricultural fields.

2. Economic Benefits

commercial composting on this scale is a new micro industrial activity for Nepal that helps in the replacement of imported chemical fertilizers by locally produced compost. It also reduces the extra cost that can incur to purify the water for household purposes.

3. Social Benefits

jobs for locals by compost preparation and kitchen/rooftop gardening in particular for housewives, and staff training to improve the skills of locals.

4. Health Benefits

Help to reduce infectious diseases that would result from exposure to wastes, improve drinking water quality, and improve nutrition by higher yields due to better fertilizing.

5. Collaborators

International Center for Occupational Safety and Health, Environment and Public Health (ICOEPH)

Civil Society in Development (CISU)

Bharatpur Metropolitan City (BMC) and ward offices (1-10)

Project Members

Er. Sagar Karki

Program Coordinator, CAR Nepal, NeDS

He is a Civil Engineer by profession with Master’s Degree in Business Administration (MBA) and more than seven years of experiences working in the field of WASH, Hi-tech Agriculture and Urban Environmental Improvement projects. He has been leading the Composting and Recycling project (CAR) in Chitwan as the program coordinator and believes that waste issues needs to be addressed with collaborative approaches by developing sustainable waste management systems, involving the public, private, and community sectors. Besides, he is a youth activist advocating for social change through Better Chitwan Campaign.

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Success Stories

What people learned from us
  • The overall volume of waste from our house has reduced. We put all degradable waste to compost chamber to prepare compost. We use compost in our kitchen garden. We do not have to buy chemical pesticides and fertilizers now. We have also reduced the use of plastic materials. Since I am a chairperson of my area/tole, I also make sure all community houses manage waste properly. Our area has become cleaner now.

    Keshav Hadkhole
    Shivaghat Tole Chairperson, Trainee, Bharatpur Metropolitan City, Chitwan
  • I used to collect dispose all types of waste together. The training by Nepal Development Society made me aware about types of waste, segregation and disposal as per its nature. I learned 70% of household waste is used to prepare compost and I am practicing it. 20% is reused and sold to recyclers. Remaining 10%, which are mostly hazardous, I send to municipal vehicle for its proper disposal.

    Aarati Adhikari
    Trainee, Bharatpur Metropolitan City, Chitwan